One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the utilization of signposts.

One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the utilization of signposts.

Take a good look at this short video to learn more about personal pronouns and active and voice that is passive.

Academic writing is explicit in several ways. Above all, this means that there is a presentation that is clear of when you look at the paper. The text needs to have a well-organized structure and be possible for your reader to check out. One method to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the use of signposts. Signposts are phrases and words which you can use in your text to be able to guide your reader along. Signposting could be split into two different categories: major signposting and linking phrases and words.

More on explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is used to signal key aspects of the task, including the function of an academic paper and its structure. Some situations of major signposting:

The goal of this study will be …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
In conclusion …

Linking phrases and words create coherence and present your reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. Some situations of linking phrases and words:

Being explicit in your writing does mean you are not vague but rather very specific in the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and how in order to avoid them

If English is not your language that is first you encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to some of the most pitfalls that are common. If you learn what your problems are it gets easier in order to avoid them and thereby become a much better writer.

Words which can be easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look quite similar but have quite meanings that are different. As an example you might instead write“manger of “manager”. Keep in mind that this type or type of mistake is not discovered by the spellchecking function of your word processor. To prevent these kinds of mistakes it is strongly recommended that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

You should remember that writing correct English is not just about utilizing the right words but additionally includes sentence structure and punctuation. The utilization of punctuation differs between languages; a good example could be the question that is upside-down at the start of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But there are smaller differences including the utilization of commas in addition to real way quotation marks look.

Take a look at this video that is short more info about punctuation:

You might use punctuation sufficient reason for that, sentence length, to generate variation in your writing. If all your sentences are very short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The investigation has led to results that are many. One outcome is described here.

Both of these short sentences could be combined into:

The study has resulted in results that are many one of that will be described here.

However, be careful so you do not create sentences that are run-on. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without the right punctuation or connecting word.

The research has led to results that are many result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an sentence that is incomplete in order that it cannot stand on its very own. A complete sentence has a subject and a verb and is composed of one thought.

These are samples of sentence fragments:

So he went along to look at doctor. (Why did he go to look at doctor?)

Such as for example fruit and vegetables. (what exactly are vegetables and fruits examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass throughout the floor. (this will be a fragment because there is no verb that is main

Sentence fragments may be fixed by incorporating them into the sentence that holds the key clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a sentence that is full.

Peter had a throat that is sore he went to look at doctor.

Children should eat food that is healthy such as for instance fruit and veggies.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered all over the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that does not connect properly to the sentence that is main.

Having finished the experiments, the results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it really is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. That has finished the experiments? The way in which the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to“the total results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence needs to be rephrased. One way of doing this really is to clearly state who conducted the experiments and analyzed the results:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the outcomes.

Or, should you not wish to are the pronoun “we” that is personal

Once the experiments were finished, the results were analyzed.

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